Imaging Technology

Innovations for the ultimate imaging experience

Nikon Expeed

Spectacular Image Processing and Speed

Perhaps no single technology plays a greater role in Nikon imaging products than the Expeed image and video processing concept. Leveraging the vast knowledge Nikon has gained through its history of imaging excellence, Expeed transforms huge volumes of high-megapixel data into spellbinding images and videos with faithful color, tonality, detail and low noise. Expeed’s unrivaled power also delivers incredible processing speeds ensuring that data-heavy images process smoothly and efficiently with outstanding energy efficiency with extended battery life, even during high speed continuous shooting.

Picture Control System

Creative Control for Personal Styling

All photographers want to impart their own style onto their photos and videos, to achieve a perspective that is uniquely their own. Nikon’s Picture Control System gives photographers that freedom. By experimenting with Picture Control options—either by using the default selectable settings or by adjusting them to match your own needs and preferences—you can easily create photos and videos that are a unique reflection of your creative spirit.

Nikon Image Sensors

Unrivaled Image Quality and Low-light Performance

Nikon has always designed its own image sensors in-house to ensure maximum image quality, detail retention and low-light capabilities. From the large full-frame FX-format sensors used in Nikon’s professional DSLRs to the DX-format sensors used in Nikon’s enthusiast DSLRs to the nimble CX-format sensors used in Nikon 1 cameras to the backside-illumination sensors used in select Coolpix cameras, every Nikon image sensor is carefully matched to the camera’s Expeed image processing design and Nikkor optics for outstanding performance.

Sized for performance

The size of a Nikon image sensor—FX, DX, CX or smaller—is determined by Nikon engineers to balance the needs of the Nikkor optics being used and the desired speed, size and performance of the camera.

Lifelike detail retention

A recent innovation by Nikon engineers allows for ultra-high resolution image sensors that don’t have an optical low-pass filter. The result is some of the most vibrant, lifelike images imaginable.

Low-light brilliance

Some Coolpix cameras, which require a slightly smaller sensor design for the compact camera size, achieve greater low-light performance due to a backside illumination image sensor that allows great amounts of light to be captured.

Autofocus Systems

A Legacy of Superb Focusing Performance

Nikon has long been dedicated to advancing the capabilities and performance of the modern autofocus system; consequently, Nikon’s AF systems have consistently been among the most highly-acclaimed in the industry. From the pro-grade precision of Nikon’s high-end DSLR line’s 153-point AF system to Nikon 1’s advanced Hybrid AF system—the world’s fastest autofocus—Nikon’s autofocus systems give you the tools you need to capture tack-sharp images with every release of the shutter.

Predictive Focus Tracking System

Nikon cameras have captured some of the most jaw-dropping fast-action photographs, and that’s due in part to Nikon’s Predictive Focus Tracking System. It determines a moving subject’s speed and direction and then accurately predicts where the subject will be within the frame when the shutter fires. Nikon used data from thousands of photographs of moving subjects to develop the intelligence that powers its Predictive Focus Tracking System.

Image Sensor Phase Detection Technology

To achieve the world’s fastest continuous shooting speeds*, select Nikon 1 cameras use a specialized CX-format image sensor that has 105 individually selectable phase-detect autofocus points embedded right on the sensor. This not only reduces the components within the camera, it results in ultra-fast focusing performance and completely lag-free Live View monitoring on the cameras’ high resolution LCD screens.

*Among digital cameras with interchangeable lenses available as of Sept. 19, 2013; based on Nikon research

3D Color Matrix Metering System

The Finest Automatic Exposure Control Available

Every shot you compose varies greatly in color, light, subject matter and dimensionality. Nikon’s 3D Color Matrix Metering System takes your scene and splits it into hundreds of segments in select cameras, and thousands of segments in others, to evaluate every aspect of your composition and accesses the camera’s built-in Scene Recognition System—an incredibly detailed database of over 30,000 actual images—to determine the best exposure for the scene.

Try it!

Active D-Lighting

Skilled photographers and videographers make use of the interplay between shadows and highlights. To give photographers maximum control of shadows and highlights, Nikon developed Active D-Lighting. It gives you a way to “open up shadows” by bringing out details that would otherwise be lost. This is especially useful in backlit situations, where the contrast between light and dark areas is exaggerated. D-Lighting can be applied in real-time (Active) or after a shot has been captured, either in-camera through the retouch menu or with Nikon’s View NX-i, Capture NX-D, View NX2 or Capture NX2 software.

Try it!

White Balance System

White balance describes how warm (orange) or cool (blue) your photos and videos appear, and it historically has been a difficult setting for automatic cameras to get right. Nikon engineers have solved the problem by using the Scene Recognition System to gather information about the light sources in your shot and make appropriate adjustments. Shoot with confidence, even in tricky conditions that have mixed light sources.

Scene Recognition System

The Knowledge of a Professional, Right In Your Camera

Anyone can take beautiful photographs thanks to Nikon’s Advanced Scene Recognition System (SRS). SRS examines your shot—subject matter, lighting conditions, color information and more—and then compares it to an onboard database of over 30,000 professional images compiled by Nikon. Once a match is found, SRS optimizes the camera settings for best results—all in a split second prior to shutter release.

VR Image Stabilization

Sharper Handheld and Low-Light Images

When shooting distant subjects with a telephoto zoom or in low-light situations, where a slower shutter speed is required, even the smallest vibrations can cause your photo to become blurry. To combat this, Nikon has developed highly sophisticated Vibration Reduction (VR) image stabilization technologies both in its cameras and interchangeable lenses. VR minimizes the blur caused by camera shake, to produce sharp images at slower shutter speeds, in low-light situations and when shooting handheld video.

5-Axis Hybrid VR

Select Coolpix cameras use a 4- or 5-axis hybrid VR system. This in-camera VR system enables smooth recording of high-definition movies, even while walking. Real-time compensation for vibration is applied to either 4 or 5 different axial directions, or planes, to provide superior image stabilization.

5-Stop Dual Detect Optical VR

When increasing exposure, each stop doubles the amount of light captured. More light translates to sharper images. Performance-series Coolpix cameras with extreme zoom capabilities (such as the P900 and P610) incorporate a 5-stop* dual detect optical VR system that reduces the appearance of camera shake.

*Based on CIPA Standard; measured at approx. 350mm (35mm format equivalent).

Lens Technology

Silent Wave Motor

AF-S NIKKOR lenses feature Nikon’s Silent Wave Motor (SWM). This technology converts “traveling waves” into rotational energy to focus the optics. This enables high-speed autofocusing that’s extremely accurate and super quiet.

Extra-low Dispersion Glass

Nikkor’s ED glass lenses exemplify Nikon’s preeminence in lens innovation and performance. This specialized glass is able to better focus the entire spectrum of color, nearly eliminating a color distortion called chromatic aberration that occurs in ordinary glass lenses. ED glass lenses produce remarkably sharp, high contrast images even with fast lenses at maximum aperture.

Fluorine Coat

Remarkable Non-stick Glass

Professionals need gear that can withstand the elements. Nikon’s amazing fluorine coat effectively repels dust, water droplets, grease or dirt, ensuring easy removal even when they adhere to the lens surface. Compared to other manufacturers’ coating of a similar kind, fluorine coat endures a higher frequency of lens surface wiping. Its anti-reflective effect also contributes to the capture of clear images.

Phase Fresnel Lens Design

The AF-S Nikkor 300mm f/4E PF ED is Nikon’s first lens to use a Phase Fresnel element design within a DSLR camera lens. The Phase Fresnel optical design appears to have a series of concentric circles engraved on it, and these circles each focus a different spectrum and direction of light. The result is a substantially lighter, more compact lens with outstanding optical performance and prevention against ghosting and chromatic aberration.

Internal Focusing / Rear Focusing

Faster, More Compact Focusing

When you focus a traditional lens, the lens barrel either gets longer or shorter. Nikon’s Internal Focusing (IF) technology enables lenses to focus without changing in size, which is ideal for close-up work like Macro photography. This allows for a more compact, lightweight construction as well as a closer focusing distance. The IF system is featured in many Nikkor macro, telephoto and selected Nikkor zoom lenses. With Nikon’s Rear Focusing (RF) system, all the lens elements are divided into specific lens groups, with only the rear lens group moving for focusing. This makes autofocusing operation smoother and faster.

Aspherical Lens Element Design

Optical Flaw Correction with Superior Resolution

In 1968, Nikon introduced the first camera lens to use an aspherical lens element. What sets them apart? Aspherical lens elements are lens elements with complex curved surfaces, where the radius of curvature changes to optimize light transmission and correct distortions that occur in “normal” spherical lenses. Aspherical lens elements provide superior resolution performance and contribute to a lighter and smaller lens design.

Precision Glass Molding

Flawless Glass is Born from Flawless Molding

In the ongoing pursuit for excellence in lens manufacturing, Nikon developed a special molding technique effective for medium- to large-diameter aspherical lens elements, which were previously considered to be difficult to mold. Precision Glass Molding (PGM) is the highly meticulous process by which optical glass is softened by heating, then shaped in an aspherical mold made of special heat-resistant material. This technology has become widely adopted in the manufacture of aspherical camera lens elements.

Nano Crystal Coat

Nano Crystal Coat is a revolutionary technology that dramatically reduces ghosting and flare and results in sharper, clearer, high contrast photos and videos. This low-refractive coating is comprised of microscopic nano particles and is far more effective than conventional anti-reflection coating systems. Nano Crystal Coat not only solves ghost effects caused by red light, which was incredibly difficult for previous systems, it also effectively reduces ghosting and flare effects caused by light entering the lens diagonally. The result: remarkably clearer images.

Fluorite Lens Elements

Fluorite is a monocrystal optical material that features a high transmission rate within both the Infrared and Ultraviolet zones. With its superb anomalous dispersion properties, fluorite intensely blocks the secondary spectrum in order to effectively correct chromatic aberration within the visible light spectrum—something that is more difficult to achieve at longer focal lengths. It is also significantly lighter than optical glass, giving you a more effective lens with less weight.

Optical Zoom
Dynamic Fine Zoom
Digital Zoom

Dynamic Fine Zoom

Staggering Zoom Potential

Select Nikon Coolpix cameras offer impressive optical zoom power to allow you to zoom like never before—some even as far as 83x. Nikon’s new Dynamic Fine Zoom technology effectively doubles the optical zoom of these cameras for some of the most impressive zoom power available and tack-sharp photos and videos from staggering distances.

Nikon Creative Lighting System

Mastering Light with Limitless Creative Possibilities

Photographers around the world are discovering how the Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS) brings simplicity and real-world usability to both multiple-flash and single-flash photography. At the core of the innovation are Nikon’s i-TTL Speedlight flash control technology and the precision monitor pre-flash, which work together for accurate flash exposures. The camera also integrates information from its built-in database of over 30,000 actual scenes to determine the ideal exposure—all within milliseconds before each shutter release. Whether on top of a camera or used as a wireless remote unit, CLS offers the most dependable and consistent flash exposure in the business.


i-TTL (intelligent Through The Lens) is Nikon’s innovative Speedlight/camera communication system. An i-TTL Speedlight fires an imperceptible series of pre-flashes immediately before the main flash fires. That light is reflected off all objects within the frame back through the lens (hence “Through The Lens”) and then analyzed by the camera’s Expeed image processing. The camera provides the Speedlight with optimum settings for exactly the right exposure—all in the split second you press the shutter button.

Advanced Wireless Lighting

Nearly unlimited Nikon Speedlights can be used together for endless creative lighting possibilities. The Speedlights can be grouped, and those groups are conveniently controlled from the camera position, either by a Speedlight in Commander Mode or using the camera’s pop-up flash on most models to trigger Speedlights using optical communication or with the new SB-5000 Speedlight, the WR-R10/WR-A10 Wireless Remote can be used to trigger multiple Speedlights using radio wave communication. i-TTL communication occurs between the camera and all groups, ensuring each Speedlight delivers exactly the right kind of output. If you want to make individual adjustments, you can access any Speedlight right from the master Speedlight’s control unit or the camera’s menu.

Motion Snapshot

For Moments That Deserve More

Remember the feelings you had while watching a wave crash to the shore or fireworks exploding overhead? Make those moments come alive in a single click using the Nikon 1 system’s unique Motion Snapshot. It combines a short video clip, still photo and, optionally, music to preserve the essence of a moment like never before.

Smart Photo Selector

In Smart Photo Selector mode, taking great photographs has never been easier. When you start to press down on the shutter-release button, the camera instantly begins recording 20 images at high speed. Then it automatically stores 5 great shots and selects the best one out of the 5. All you have to do is point and shoot. You will never miss another perfect moment again.

Slow View

Slow View, a feature of select Nikon 1 cameras, helps you capture exactly the right moment of an action sequence. With the shutter release button pressed halfway, the camera will record anywhere from 15 to 40 frames to its buffer (depending upon the camera model) over the course of 1.3 seconds and play them in a continuous slow motion loop until you press the shutter button all the way down, to select the frame you want. Slow View is found in the Best Moment Capture mode.

Rugged Camera Designs

Bring The Camera, Leave The Worry

Some of life’s most fun and exciting moments happen in places you might not want to bring a regular camera—the beach, the pool, the slopes, biking, rafting and more. For those instances, Nikon has created fully waterproof and shockproof Coolpix and Nikon 1 cameras, waterproof housings for Nikon 1 cameras, and more. These cameras can go wherever you go (even underwater) so you can bring home dazzling photos and videos of your adventures.

A legacy of all-weather camera design

Inspired by legendary explorer and conservationist Jaques Cousteau, the immensely popular Nikonos series of underwater cameras captured some of the most extraordinary images of our time and set the standard for underwater imaging. That legacy continues in the Coolpix and Nikon 1 AW (all-weather) series of cameras.

Shed light on new shooting opportunities

With three available underwater housings and a fully waterproof AW camera and lenses, the Nikon 1 series is carrying the torch of the Nikonos tradition of underwater imaging. The SB-N10 Underwater Speedlight works with any Nikon 1 underwater solution and provides powerful illumination capabilities for stunning views of the deep.

Waterproof, shockproof and freezeproof

Nikon’s series of Coolpix and Nikon 1 AW (all-weather) cameras bring the image quality that has made Nikon famous to extreme adventures. Waterproof to impressive depths, shockproof against drops and bangs and even capable of working in frigid temperatures, these cameras are helping extreme athletes and adventurers bring home amazing views.

Wi-Fi® Photo Sharing, Anytime, Anywhere

Easily Share Great Photos With Your Smartphone

With Nikon Cameras that offer Wi-Fi connectivity, either built-in or through an optional wireless adapter, including the WU-1a or WU-1b, you can seamlessly transfer images from your camera to your compatible smartphone or tablet for easy sharing via email, text or uploading to an image sharing site.

Compact, convenient connectivity

Take a great photo with your high quality Nikon camera and send it via Wi-Fi to your compatible smartphone or tablet without missing a beat. Then, share it as usual—by text message, email or posting to your favorite site. You can also control your Nikon camera using your compatible smartphone as a remote monitor. Your device sees what the camera sees and lets you take pictures right from your phone!

Whether your camera has Wi-Fi built-in or it uses the optional Wireless Mobile Adapter accessories, it’s easy and simple to upload your great photos to your compatible smartphone.

NFC Technology

Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range wireless technology that is available in select smartphones and tablets. With compatible devices such as select Nikon cameras, utilizing NFC’s peer-to-peer mode, you can pair the camera’s Wi-Fi with that of your smart device by simply touching the devices together.

Free easy-to-use app

The Wireless Mobile Utility app wirelessly connects your compatible iPhone®, iPad® and/or iPod touch® or Android powered device to Nikon digital cameras, letting you download photos, take pictures remotely, and share them hassle-free via email or upload to social networking sites. The Wireless Mobile Utility app is used with select Nikon digital cameras that feature built-in Wi-Fi connectivity as well as specific models that are compatible with the WU-1a or WU-1b Wireless Mobile Adapters.

Compatibility: Requires iOS 6.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone®, iPad®, and iPod touch® and Android. This app is optimized for iPhone® 5. The Wireless Mobile Utility application must be installed on the device before it can be used with the camera.